Ohio Public School Mapping | Students

In our third part of our series on mapping public schools in Ohio, our focus is moves to some of the demographic data surrounding public school students. We looked at several fields showing the students’ backgrounds in each respected school district in Ohio. We looked at student density, percentage of students to total population, the percentage of students in poverty, and the student to teacher ratio.

The first map below shows student density corresponding to the total population of students in each district. Density was calculated by dividing the total number of students in the school district by its area. The average density of students per square mile of the school district is 14,330 per square mile, making the average largely skewed towards the urban city schools with multiple school districts. The higher density school districts are located in the major cities of Ohio, as well as in several smaller cities, such as Hamilton, Lima, Marion, and Springfield. Some of the lowest density school districts are in rural areas like Noble County or Monroe County, both in Eastern Ohio.

student_density_small

The next map below shows the percentage of students in the total population of each school district.  This was calculated by dividing the total number of students by the total population living in each school district, according to the 2010 US Census.  The average percentage of students relative to total population is 17.8%.  The two school districts which display the lowest percentage of students, are in Athens and Butler Counties; however, those districts encompass Ohio University and Miami University, respectfully, which explains why the percentage of school-aged children in the overall population is lower than the rest of Ohio. Those two districts have a large college student population, which decreases the percentage of the K-12 student population to less than 10% of the total.  The area with the highest percentage of students is Holmes County in North Central Ohio, which boasts a large Amish population.  Other areas of with a high percentage of students to the overall population include eastern Geauga County and northern Trumbull County in Northeastern Ohio.

students_to_total_population_small

The third map shows the percentage of students in each school district living in poverty. Comparing districts across Ohio, the average percentage of students living in poverty is 18.4%.  The school districts with the lowest percentage of students living in poverty are usually found in the suburban school districts in Ohio, outside of Cincinnati, Columbus, and Cleveland.  On the other end of the spectrum, the inner cities such as Cincinnati, Cleveland, and Dayton have the highest percentage of students living in poverty.  Akron, Columbus, and Toledo have only moderate levels of poverty as a whole, but that could be because those districts are fairly large in area and serve some higher-income neighborhoods outside of the central city.  Southeastern Ohio has an unusually higher than average number of students living in poverty with no school districts having below 10% of their students living in poverty. Most of the school districts in Southeastern Ohio are in the 20-40% range of students living in poverty.

students_in_poverty_small

The final map below shows the student to teacher ratio for each school district in Ohio.  This ratio was calculated by dividing the number of students by the number of teachers in each school district.  The average student to teacher ratio is 15.7 students per teacher.  There is no uniformed reason why the student to teacher ratio is higher, although one factor that almost certainly plays a role is the variation in funding received by each school district.  For example, the passage or failure of a school levy could change the student to teacher ratio for better or for worse.

student_teacher_ratio_small